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History

China , with a recorded history of 5,000 years, was one of the world's earliest civilizations. China was one of the countries where economic activity first developed. As early as 5,000 to 6,000 years ago, people in the Yellow River valley had already started farming and raising livestock. In the 21st century B.C., China established a slave society with the founding of the Xia Dynasty, thereby writing a finale to long years of primitive society.

In 221 B.C., Qin Shihuang established China 's first centralized autocracy, the Qin Dynasty, thereby ushering Chinese history into feudalism, which endured in a succession of dynasties until the Opium War of 1840.

The Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1911 led by Sun Yat-sen toppled the rule of the Qing Dynasty, putting an end to more than 2,000 years of feudal monarchical system.

The People's Republic of China was founded on October 1 st , 1949. Today, China is implementing reform and open polices, and has established a socialist market economy.

Brief Chinese Chronology

Xia Dynasty

21st century BC-16th century BC

Shang Dynasty

16th century BC-1066 BC

Zhou Dynasty: Western Zhou

1066 BC-771 BC

                           Eastern Zhou

770 BC-476 BC

                           Spring and Autumn

770 BC-221 BC

Qin Dynasty

221 BC-206 BC

Han Dynasty: Western Han Dynasty

206 BC-23 AD

                         Eastern Han Dynasty

25-220

The Three Kingdoms: Wei

220-265

                                         Shu Han

221-263

                                         Wu

222-280

Western Jin

265-316

Eastern Jin

317-420

Southern and Northern Dynasty:

 

Southern Dynasty

420-589

Northern Dynasty

386-581

Sui Dynasty

581-618

Tang Dynasty

618-907

The Five Dynasties

907-960

Sung Dynasty: Northern Sung

960-1127

                           Southern Sung

1127-1279

Liao Dynasty

907-1125

Western Xia Dynasty

1032-1227

Jin Dynasty

1115-1234

Yuan Dynasty

1271-1368

Ming Dynasty

1368-1644

Qing Dynasty

1644-1911

Republic of China (Guo Ming Dang)

1912-1949

The People's Republic of China

1949-the present

 

 


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